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DUPONT, Francois (2019); LÉGER, Pierre-Majorique; BEGON, Mickael; LECOT, François; SÉNÉCAL, Sylvain; LABONTÉ-LEMOYNE, Elise; MATHIEU, Marie-Eve. Health and productivity at work : which active workstation for which benefits: a systematic review.

DUPONT, Francois (2019); LÉGER, Pierre-Majorique; BEGON, Mickael; LECOT, François; SÉNÉCAL, Sylvain; LABONTÉ-LEMOYNE, Elise; MATHIEU, Marie-Eve. Health and productivity at work : which active workstation for which benefits: a systematic review.

DUPONT, Francois;  LÉGER, Pierre-Majorique; BEGON, Mickael; LECOT, François; SÉNÉCAL, Sylvain; LABONTÉ-LEMOYNE, Elise; MATHIEU, Marie-Eve. Health and productivity at work : which active workstation for which benefits: a systematic review. Occupational and Environmental Medicine [online]. 2019. 76. 281-294. [Consulta: 10.10.2019]. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105397>
 
Resumen: Para reducir el comportamiento sedentario en el trabajo, la investigación ha examinado la efectividad de las estaciones de trabajo activas. Sin embargo, a pesar de su relevancia para reemplazar los escritorios convencionales, la comparación entre los tipos de estaciones de trabajo activas y sus respectivos beneficios sigue sin estar clara. El propósito de este artículo es comparar los beneficios entre las estaciones de trabajo de pie, en cinta y en bicicleta. Se exploraron las bases de datos de Embase, PubMed y Web of Science. Se incluyeron doce artículos originales. Las estaciones de ciclismo, cinta de correr y de pie parecen mostrar beneficios de productividad a corto plazo; sin embargo, las estaciones de trabajo en cinta pueden reducir el rendimiento de las tareas informáticas.
 
Resum: Per a reduir el comportament sedentari en el treball, la investigació ha examinat l'efectivitat de les estacions de treball actives. No obstant això, malgrat la seua rellevància per a reemplaçar els escriptoris convencionals, la comparació entre els tipus d'estacions de treball actives i els seus respectius beneficis segueix sense estar clara. El propòsit d'aquest article és comparar els beneficis entre les estacions de treball dempeus, en cinta i amb bicicleta. Es van explorar les bases de dades de Embase, PubMed i Web of Science. Es van incloure dotze articles originals. Les estacions de ciclisme, cinta de córrer i dempeus semblen mostrar beneficis de productivitat a curt termini; no obstant això, les estacions de treball en cinta poden reduir el rendiment de les tasques informàtiques.
 
Abstract: "In order to reduce sedentary behaviour at work, research has examined the effectiveness of active workstations. However, despite their relevance in replacing conventional desks, the comparison between types of active workstations and their respective benefits remains unclear. The purpose of this review article is thus to compare the benefits between standing, treadmill and cycling workstations. Search criteria explored Embase, PubMed and Web of Science databases. The review included studies concerning adults using at least two types of active workstations, evaluating biomechanical, physiological work performance and/or psychobiological outcomes. Twelve original articles were included. Treadmill workstations induced greater movement/activity and greater muscular activity in the upper limbs compared with standing workstations. Treadmill and cycling workstations resulted in elevated heart rate, decreased ambulatory blood pressure and increased energy expenditure during the workday compared with standing workstations. Treadmill workstations reduced fine motor skill function (ie, typing, mouse pointing and combined keyboard/mouse tasks) compared with cycling and standing workstations. Cycling workstations resulted in improved simple processing task speeds compared with standing and treadmill workstations. Treadmill and cycling workstations increased arousal and decreased boredom compared with standing workstations. The benefits associated with each type of active workstation (eg, standing, treadmill, cycling) may not be equivalent. Overall, cycling and treadmill workstations appear to provide greater short-term physiological changes than standing workstations that could potentially lead to better health. Cycling, treadmill and standing workstations appear to show short-term productivity benefits; however, treadmill workstations can reduce the performance of computer tasks."
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