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CORRAO, Carmela Romana Natalina; MAZZOTTA, Adele; LA TORRE, Giuseppe et al. (2012). Biological risk and occupational health

CORRAO, Carmela Romana Natalina; MAZZOTTA, Adele; LA TORRE, Giuseppe et al. (2012). Biological risk and occupational health

CORRAO, Carmela Romana Natalina;  MAZZOTTA, Adele; LA TORRE, Giuseppe et al. Biological risk and occupational health. [online] Industrial Health, 50, 4 (2012), p. 326-337. [Consulta 27.10.2014].

La prevención de los riesgos biológicos en el trabajo requieren de un enfoque complejo debido a la gran variedad de agentes, a la disparidad de entornos y de procedimientos de trabajo que inciden en las exposiciones o las propias condiciones de los trabajadores y trabajadoras, que les hacen más o menos vulnerables al riesgo. Es imprescindible tener en cuenta la actitud del trabajador y su comportamiento, a menudo más influido por su percepción del riesgo que por un conocimiento real, lo que lleva a la subestimación de los peligros.

La prevenció dels riscos biològics en el treball requereixen d'un enfocament complex a causa de la gran varietat d'agents, a la disparitat d'entorns i de procediments de treball que incideixen en les exposicions o les pròpies condicions dels treballadors i treballadores, que els fan més o menys vulnerables al risc. És imprescindible tindre en compte l'actitud del treballador i el seu comportament, sovint més influït per la seua percepció del risc que per un coneixement real, la qual cosa porta a la subestimació dels perills.

Many work activities include hazards to workers, and among these biological risk is particularly important, mostly because of different types of exposure, contact with highly dangerous agents, lack of limit values able to compare all exposures, presence of workers with defective immune systems and therefore more susceptible to the risk. Bioaerosols and dust are considered important vehicles of microganisms at workplaces and interaction with other occupational agents is assumed. Moreover, biological risk can be significant in countries with increasing economic development or particular habits and some biological agents are also classified as carcinogenic to human. Specific emerging biological risks have been recently pointed out by Risk Observatory of the European Agency for Safety and Health at work, and we must consider the worker's attitude and behaviour, influenced by his own perception of risk more than his real knowledge, that could over-underestimate the risk itself. Therefore, biological risk at work requires a complex approach in relation to risk assessment and risk management, made more difficult due to the wide variety of biological agents, working environments and working techniques that can determine the exposures.