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AHONEN, Emily; LOPEZ JACOB, Maria Jose; VAZQUEZ, Maria Luisa et al. (2009). Invisible work, unseen hazards: the health of women immigrant household service workers in Spain

AHONEN, Emily; LOPEZ JACOB, Maria Jose; VAZQUEZ, Maria Luisa et al. (2009). Invisible work, unseen hazards: the health of women immigrant household service workers in Spain

AHONEN, Emily; LÓPEZ JACOB, María José; VÁZQUEZ, María Luisa et al. Invisible work, unseen hazards: the health of women immigrant household service workers in Spain [online]. Barcelona: Observatorio de Salud Laboral. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 2009. 49 p. [Consulta 18.12.2014].

El trabajo doméstico ha estado ausente en los estudios de salud laboral. Examinamos los riesgos laborales y los efectos de salud identificados por los trabajadores del servicio doméstico inmigrantes. Métodos: Estudio exploratorio y descriptivo de 46 mujeres inmigrantes documentadas e indocumentadas en los servicios domésticos en España, utilizando un enfoque fenomenológico. Los datos fueron recogidos entre septiembre de 2006 y mayo de 2007 a través de grupos focales y entrevistas individuales semi-estructuradas. Los datos fueron separados para el análisis por estado de la documentación y ordenados mediante un proceso mixto de generación. En una segunda fase de análisis, los datos sobre riesgos psicosociales se organizaron mediante el Cuestionario Psicosocial de Copenhague como guía. Resultados: Los informantes reportaron una serie de medio ambiente, ergonomía y riesgos psicosociales y los correspondientes efectos sobre la salud.

El treball domèstic ha estat absent en els estudis de salut laboral. Examinem els riscos laborals i els efectes de salut identificats pels treballadors del servici domèstic immigrants. Mètodes: Estudi explorador i descriptiu de 46 dones immigrants documentades i indocumentades en els servicis domèstics a Espanya, utilitzant un enfocament fenomenològic. Les dades van ser arreplegats entre setembre de 2006 i maig de 2007 a través de grups focals i entrevistes individuals semi-estructuradas. Les dades van ser separats per a l'anàlisi per estat de la documentació i ordenats per mitjà d'un procés mixt de generació. En una segona fase d'anàlisi, les dades sobre riscos psicosocials es van organitzar per mitjà del Qüestionari Psicosocial de Copenhaguen com guia. Resultats: Els informadors van reportar una sèrie de medi ambient, ergonomia i riscos psicosocials i els corresponents efectes sobre la salut.

Household service work has been largely absent from occupational health studies. We examine the occupational hazards and health effects identified by immigrant women household service workers. Methods: Exploratory, descriptive study of 46 documented and undocumented immigrant women in household services in Spain, using a phenomenological approach. Data were collected between September 2006 and May 2007 through focus groups and semi-structured individual interviews. Data were separated for analysis by documentation status and sorted using a mixed-generation process. In a second phase of analysis, data on psychosocial hazards were organized using the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire as a guide. Results: Informants reported a number of environmental, ergonomic and psychosocial hazards and corresponding health effects. Psychosocial hazards were especially strongly present in data. Data on reported hazards were similar by documentation status and varied by several emerging categories: whether participants were primarily cleaners or carers and whether they lived in or outside of the homes of their employers. Documentation status was relevant in terms of empowerment and bargaining, but did not appear to influence work tasks or exposure to hazards directly. Conclusions: Female immigrant household service workers are exposed to a variety of health hazards that could be acted upon by improved legislation, enforcement, and preventive workplace measures, which are discussed.